Although the numbers have decreased, cholera continues to plague Haiti since it was introduced by UN troops responding to the earthquake in 2010. In 2015 so far, the numbers of cases and deaths are actually higher than in 2014.
Despite a strong humanitarian response, for many the risk of cholera remains the same as in 2010 since the underlying vulnerability and risk factors for cholera remain in place. About 40% of Haitians still lack access to clean water, and 75% lacl access to a sanitary toilet. More than half of all Haitians live in crushing poverty with less than $2.50 per day. Simple measures to prevent cholera like hand-washing with soap and water still remain out of reach.
Transformative improvements are necessary to eliminate cholera from Haiti and a 10-year, $2.2 billion plan to including investments in new water and sanitation systems. These improvements need to be supported and massive funding gaps closed.
As well as infrastructure improvements, mass vaccination campaigns and improved access to medical care are key components of the cholera response. Five complementary interventions to slow cholera in Haiti.